Goochland County

Welcome to Goochland County!

Goochland County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,717.Its county seat is Goochland.

Goochland County is included in the Greater Richmond Region.

Goochland was founded in 1728 as the first county formed from Henrico shire, followed by Chesterfield County in 1749. Goochland originally included all of the land from Tuckahoe Creek, on both sides of the James River, west as far as the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Goochland was named for Sir William Gooch, 1st Baronet, the royal lieutenant governor from 1727 to 1749, at which time the nominal governor, the Earl of Albemarle, remained in England. As acting royal governor, Gooch promoted settlement of the Virginia backcountry as a means to insulate the Virginia colony from Native American and New France settlements in the Ohio Country.

As the colonists moved into the Piedmont west of Richmond, they first developed tobacco plantations like those of the Tidewater. After the Revolution, tobacco did not yield as high profits. In Goochland, as in other areas of Virginia, many planters switched to growing wheat and mixed crops.

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Updated: 18th November, 2018 9:44 AM.